18th Century November 5th, 2010 Go Pushkin

Slovak History

Slovakia in the 18th Century.

18th Century

05. 04. 1702 Muran Castle Damaged by Fire
On fifth of April 1702 Muran Castle was damaged by fire to such an extent that only ruins were left and any attempt to rebuild the castle would be extremely difficult. Muran has never been lived in since.

18. 02. 1703 Helena Zrinska
One of the strongest women of the monarchy died. Her first husband was Francis I. Rakoczi, second husband Imre Tokoly, she became famous as a brave defendant of her castle in Mukacheve.

17. 03. 1713 Juraj Janosik Sentenced
Slovak “Robin Hood” was after few days of torture finally sentenced. Juraj Janosik was sentenced to hanging from his ribs by a hook. He died slowly in a tremendous pain.

12. 03. 1721 Nova Posoniensia
First issue of this oldest newspaper in Hungary was published in Bratislava. This weekly paper was written in latin and published and edited by Slovak Matej Bel.

11. 02. 1724 Jakob Bogdani
In Finchley (UK) Slovak painter Jakob Bogdani died. From 1691 he has been working in London, painting for king William III. and Queen Ann.

06. 02. 1736 Franz Xaver Messerschmidt
Sculptors, Franz Xaver Messerschmidt was born in Germany. For his studies he moved to Vienna, later lived and died in Bratislava, where you can find many his pieces in local galleries.

23. 01. 1738 Wolfgang Kempelen
Wolfgang Kempelen was born in Bratislava. He became famous thanks to his ches-playing machine, but was working on many other projects like bridge in Bratislava, speaking machine, typewriter for blind people, etc.

16. 02. 1740 Jan Kupecky
Slovak portrait painter from Pezinok died in Nurnberg. He had been working for Aleksander Sobieski, Joseph I., Karl VI., russian Peter I., and many other aristocracy.

04. 02. 1759 Pajstun Castle Burnt Down
Castle Pajstun near Bratislava, originally built in 13th century, was struck by lightning and partially burnt down. The destruction was completed later by Napoleon’s army.

04. 03. 1768 Dice Games Prohibited
In 1768 Empress Maria Theresa prohibited dice games as a form of gambling. She brought to the Austrio-Hungarian monarchy many innovations.